People use and abuse substances for a variety of reasons. Unfortunately, there is a huge price to pay and substance abuse often results to criminal acts. According to the website of Brent Horst Attorney At Law, an estimated 13.5 million people consume alcohol regularly and more than 86 million are abusing alcohol. In addition, the 2014 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse estimated that 16% of the respondents used illict drugs in 2013.
Substance abuse is characterized by a pattern of use that brings about significant impairment or distress. It can affect a person’s performance at work, school, or home. There is a variety of substances in the market that an indiv idual can abuse and here they are:
1. Stimulant Abuse
Examples of stimulants are cocaine and metamphetamine as well as legal substances such as nicotine, caffeine, and over-the-counter stimulants. From the name itself, stimulants cause the release of the neurotranmitters dopamine and norepinephrine causing the stimulation of the brain’s reward and pleasure center. For this reason, it makes the user feel good. However, abuse of stimulants result to the depletion of energy and makes the user crave for the drug.
2. Depressant Abuse
Depressants include various opiates such as heroin, morphine, and opium. It also includes sedatives such as Xanax, Ativan, and Valium. These substances slow down the central nervous system, lessens inhibitions, creates relaxation, and decreases pain. However, they carry a high risk of overdose and addiction and also has related health problems. When abused, it can cause psychological and physical dependence as well.
3. Psychedelic Abuse
Psychedelic drugs are popularly known as hallucinogens in medical parlance. These substances distort perceptions, thoughts, and sensations. Those with underlying mental problems face a very high risk of triggering mental health problems.
4. Marijuana Abuse
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illegal drug and is now being used for recreational purposes. It can trigger short-term euphoria, physical relaxation, distorted perception and thought, increased appetite, and impaired memory and physical coordination. When taking marijuana, driving is not advisable due to the risks associated with it.
5. Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol is the oldest and most widely used psychoactive substance. It can affect every organ of the body. Abuse to the substance can lead to aggression, impaired judgment, diminished inhibitions, and mood problems such as depression and anxiety.
It is worth noting that substance abuse is responsible for a phenomenon known as tolerance, which requires a larger amount of the substance to produce the same level of intoxication.Read More
As opposed to the results of a number of surveys which say that drivers of passenger cars are more at fault in majority of road accidents wherein trucks are also involved, is the result of a study conducted by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) which says that truck accidents are more due to errors committed by drivers of semi-trucks (also called 18-wheelers or big rigs). The FMCSA is a separate administration within the US Department of Transportation (DOT); its primary mission is to enforce laws that will reduce crashes, injuries and fatalities involving commercial motor vehicles (CMV), such as large trucks and buses.
The most common truck driver errors that have been identified by the FMCSA include: driver fatigue; driving too fast for road conditions; drivers impaired due to use of prescription or over-the-counter-drugs; overspeeding; unfamiliarity with the road; lack of experience in operating a semi-truck; lack of focus on the road; distracted driving; improper attachment of trailer; failure to check “no-zone” areas or blind spots; failure to make sure that truck brakes are in good working condition; and, depowering of the front brakes to lessen wear and tear of tires and breaks and so save on operating costs. All these errors lead to many other things that directly affect the capability of truck drivers to react to danger correctly and on time.
In its website, the law firm Ausband & Dumont says that many truck accidents are direct results of driver error and negligence; however, these accidents may be significantly mitigated by an experienced driver who is mindful of those around him or her.
It is common knowledge that semi-trucks pose a serious risk to other drivers due to their enormous size and heavy weight. Thus, if a driver does not possess the required skills to operate a truck safely or commits an error that results in an accident, fatalities and people sustaining severe injuries are not remote possibilities.
In 2013 alone, records from the Highway Loss Data Institute, a non-profit research organization, showed 3,500 fatal large truck accidents. These accidents resulted to the death of 570 truck drivers, while the remaining count involved drivers of smaller vehicles, motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians. Injuries, on the other hand, exceed more than a hundred thousand.
About half a million truck accidents occur every year, leaving so many victims and their families burdened with emotional and physical pains, and in financial difficulties. No one wants an accident to occur, not even the truck driver who may be at fault in the accident; however, due to the injuries or death of victims, erring truck drivers should only be made to face justice as well as compensate their victims for all damages resulting from (victims’) injuries.Read More
One of the greatest opportunities of residents in areas where shale gas abounds is the chance of earning huge amounts of cash, either instantly, if they sell mineral rights, or over a period of years, by leasing their mineral rights to giant oil-producing firms.
Shale gas, which is trapped inside soft, layered sedimentary rocks that have formed from merged mud or clay, is the main source of natural gas (which is used in American homes and commercial buildings) and petroleum.
The production of shale gas, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), has increased over the past years, allowing the US to become an oil-producing country from an oil-dependent one.
Aside from the companies engaged in the extraction of oil from productive shale gas areas, the residents are the other group who will tremendously benefit from this shale boom, that is, if they are able to decide correctly on what to do with their mineral rights and/or property – lease or sell.
There are companies that are willing and are ready to pay millions of dollars in cash to property and mineral rights owners. Selling means cash up front – whether your property produces something or nothing at all. If your property proves to be really productive, you may regret having sold it or wished that you had sold it at a much higher price. How productive an area of land really is may never be known, though, unless the firm starts digging and actually strikes oil.
However, if your land proves to be unproductive and, therefore, definitely far less the amount that you have been paid, wouldn’t you be glad that you had sold it, and say that you have made the right decision – millions of dollars in your bank account despite a non-productive land. This is the very risk taken by firms as well: purchasing mineral rights the productivity of which is uncertain.
Owners, however, should refrain from deciding to sell (their) mineral rights abruptly, lest they end up getting paid a certain amount of cash when they could have gotten a much bigger amount. The Mineral Auction, like other firms which aim to help owners get the best deal for their rights, advises mineral rights owners to never have second thoughts about selling their rights. It is true, the Mineral Auction continues, that there are individuals who have been rewarded greatly in their decision to just lease their rights, making more money in the long term. This case is not the same for everyone, though, as many others never received the economic payout that they hoped for.
Another very important advice that the Mineral Auction imparts to mineral rights owners is to make sure that they are guided in every selling transaction by a mineral rights broker, who will help them receive only the best offer for their rights.Read More
Car accident always put the lives of drivers in danger, causing them physical injuries besides damaging their properties. If drivers, who are fully protected by the car’s body and crash-protection devices, like seatbelts and airbags, imagine the severity of harm a moving car can cause pedestrians. With nothing to protect them from the forceful impact caused by an incoming vehicle, an accident will surely leave them with a severe injury.
When it comes to lawsuits based on car and pedestrian accidents, there are no more familiar entities than law firms and car accident lawyers. The website of the The Benton Law Firm in particular says that unprotected pedestrians can suffer severe injuries which can affect them for the rest of their lives; these injuries, the firm continues, include broken bones, lacerations, head injuries, brain damage, and road rash.
Based on studies about injuries to pedestrians, their type and severity depend upon the type of vehicle involved in the accident. Vehicles with bumpers higher than a person’s waist level, such as SUVs and trucks, the force of impact made by these vehicles can throw a person forward, with the possibility of these same vehicles running over the victim afterwards. Vehicles with bumpers below the waist level, however, would lift a person onto the car’s hood.
Every year about 70, 000 pedestrians are hit by cars; around 4, 500 either die on the spot or a few days after the accident. These fatal accidents, according to the National Safety Council, happen more frequently in rural areas, where traffic is light and vehicles run at fast speeds; the absence of shoulders, sidewalks, and street lighting at nighttime, which will make walk paths more visible for pedestrians, likewise increase the risk of accidents. Non-fatal pedestrian accidents, on the other hand, occur more in urban areas, where traffic is heavier due to the greater volume of cars and pedestrian activities.
Even if you own a car, you too are a pedestrian at certain times of the day. When you are walking, jogging, waiting for the traffic light to indicate “walk,” etc., these are the times when you too need to protect yourself against drivers who may fail to notice you.
If, despite your care, an accident still occurs due to a negligent or reckless driver, then you may be entitled to receive compensation either from your, or from the at-fault driver’s, insurance provider. Louisiana car accident attorneys are probably all too aware that dealing with insurance companies, is not easy, despite proofs of your injuries due to the accident. This is because insurance firms aim to make profit, not pay huge compensation amounts.Read More
Every year the Center for Immigration Studies estimates about 400,000 US citizens marrying individuals with foreign nationalities. With marriage being one of the fastest ways to obtain a US green card, many resort to it, even fraudulently, to be able to live and work on a permanent basis in the United States.
There are actually three ways through which a foreign national may obtain a U.S. permanent resident status fast: marry a U.S. citizen, a beneficiary of an immigrant petition, or a person who has been lawfully granted US permanent residency. The chance of obtaining a green card, however, can be adversely affected if the marriage soon ends in divorce or annulment.
There three possible situations wherein divorce can adversely impact a foreign national’s immigration status:
1. When divorce occurs before the conferment of a permanent residence status.
While marriage to a US citizen or to a lawful US permanent resident may help an alien obtain permanent resident status, the actual granting of such status may be denied if the termination of marriage through divorce or annulment happens before the permanent resident status is granted to the alien spouse. In other words, as divorce or annulment ends the legal marriage between the alien spouse and his or her (sponsoring) spouse, so too is the alien spouse’s chance of being granted a green card.
2. When divorce occurs after the granting of a conditional green card; and,
If divorce or annulment happens within two years after the alien spouse has been granted a conditional green card, the chance of obtaining a permanent resident status may be canceled. This is because, for the permanent resident status to be granted to the alien spouse, application to such must be jointly filed with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) by both spouses within the 90-day period that immediately precedes the second anniversary of the alien spouse’s receipt of the conditional permanent residence.
Termination of the marriage will make the joint application impossible. This will necessitate the alien spouse to file, instead, a waiver for the required joint application, otherwise, he or she may be put in deportation proceedings (a copy of the divorce decree, documentation, like a joint bank account, joint real estate holdings, joint credit cards, etc., and affidavits from both spouses’ mutual friends who would confirm that the marriage was sincerely entered into, should be filed with the waiver. These documents will prove that the marriage was entered into in good faith).
Only after USCIS has ascertained that the marriage was not fraudulent or entered into simply for the purpose of helping the foreign national obtain a green card will it approve the waiver and change the alien spouse’s status from conditional resident status to permanent resident status.
3. When divorce occurs after an unconditional green card has been obtained
For alien spouses who have been issued unconditional green cards (which are valid for 10 years, unlike conditional green cards which lasts only for two years), the only effect of divorce on their immigration status is the length of time they must be in permanent resident status before becoming eligible to apply for US citizenship.
The United States have been drafting more laws over the past years which will eventually allow foreign nationals to obtain their green card faster than other applicants. Among these laws is the law on marriage. Many times though, marriage between a foreign national and an American citizen never really work out since the foundation of such marriage is not strong; thus, many end in divorce, with the foreign national saying goodbye to his or her dream of obtaining a green card.
The laws and the procedures of divorce are complicated, so much more are the laws on immigration. According to the website of Marshall & Taylor PLLC, despite the seeming simplicity of an absolute divorce process, there are related legal issues which can be very burdensome to any of the spouses involved. This is what renders the assistance of a seasoned divorce lawyer necessary in a divorce proceeding, especially in one of the spouses is a foreign national who has not obtained US citizenship yet and only has a conditional resident status.
Austin immigration lawyers would probably be informed of how the procedures involved in attaining permanent resident status can be negatively impacted by divorce. Under this situation, the alien spouse needs to file certain documents (within a specified time), otherwise, he or she may lose the chance of having the conditions of his or her residence status removed, as well as the privilege of staying longer on US soil.Read More
The very first thing that people notice in us is our face. Our face can hint about and reveal a lot of things, like how we feel, what we may have in mind and, regardless of how hard we sometimes try to conceal it – how old we are.
Have you thought about how old your face says you are? Does your face make you look younger, older or just exactly how old you should look?
As we age, we go through and experience many different things which affect the texture of our skin, our facial skin most especially. Lines, wrinkles, creases, age spots and scars – these are just some of the results of too much exposure under the sun, our grave mistake of allowing stress and worry take hold of us, traumatic accidents, skin disease, burns, birth marks, birth defects and so forth.
To bring back the suppleness and youthfulness of our skin, we resort to cosmetics, creams and, if necessary, surgical procedures. There are two available procedures that are aimed at improving a patient’s body: cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is specifically intended to enhance one’s appearance, while plastic surgery repairs or reconstructs defects on the face and body in order to correct any dysfunctional or impaired area of the body.
Regardless of the procedure one wishes to undergo, it is important that he or she knows if such procedure is the best for him or her, the length of recovery time, the cost, if necessary, and if the doctor who will perform the procedure is board certified.
In 2014, the top 5 cosmetic surgical procedures and the number of patients who have had such procedures are breast augmentation (286,000), nose reshaping (217,000), liposuction (211,000), eyelid surgery (207,000) and facelift (128,000). The top 5 reconstructive procedures, on the other hand, are tumor removal (4.4 million), laceration repair (251,000), maxillofacial surgery (199,000), scar revision (177,000) and hand surgery (130,000).
Over the past five years the number of patients who have undergone cosmetic and reconstructive procedures under the care of board-certified surgeons have always gone beyond 10 million; also counting those who have received treatment under non-certified surgeons and/or their assistants, the number of patients will exceed 12million.
The number of male patients, for both cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries, has also increased over the past years. Procedures performed on men, which are usually due work-related reasons, include: cosmetic eyelid surgery for the removal of puffiness, hooding and bags; procedures on the nose; skin treatment, like botox injections, in order to smooth wrinkles; removal of brown spots, broken capillaries and hair through laser procedures; burn repair surgery; hand surgery; congenital defect repair, like cleft palate; and, scar revision surgery.
Both procedures help make a person look more youthful and, therefore, look more refreshed. Majority of those who have undergone either cosmetic or reconstructive surgery have also felt younger, more confident and more energetic.
The website of Bergman Folkers Plastic Surgery explains the importance of achieving a patient’s desired image. Cosmetic surgery patients place a lot of faith in their doctors to help them reach their appearance goals.
Many have undergone either a cosmetic or reconstructive surgery in the past, only to go to a real expert afterwards for botched surgery – to correct another surgeon’s mistakes. Whichever body part you wish to be treated, one fact remains: it is your body and, whatever mistakes will be committed, you are the one to suffer. Thus, never just entrust your treatment to one who claims to be an expert. Research and inquire about him or her from past patients.Read More
There is one historical account which says that the last great Sassanian king Khosrow II Parviz (531–579) and wealthy Persians cleaned their tablecloths by throwing these into fire instead of water. And since the tablecloths were made of asbestos, they never burned.
Asbestos, a term derived from an ancient Greek word with the meaning “inextinguishable” or “unquenchable,” is a fibrous mineral which immediately became the material of choice among manufacturers due to its cheapness, abundance, strength and resistance to fire, electricity, and various types of chemical reactions and breakdowns. Since the last quarter of the 1800s, manufacturers saw asbestos as a perfect component in the manufacture of fireplace cement, fireproof drywall, fire retardant coatings, acid, fire and heat resistant gaskets, bricks, and concrete. The US Navy and shipyard employers, likewise, exposed more than four million workers to thousands of tons of asbestos during the Second World War for the building of battleships and other US military products.
Asbestos is known to contain sharp, tiny fibers that can stick to the lungs when inhaled and never removed by our body’s natural defenses. Regular exposure to tons of this mineral, however, would very likely render the body’s defenses incapable of fully protecting us from its harmful and often, deadly effects.
There are three known deadly effects of asbestos, namely:
- Lung cancer, which has a higher risk of development in persons who regularly inhale high amounts of asbestos fibers as well as smoke cigarettes
- Mesothelioma, a rare, yet deadly cancer which affects the cells surrounding the lungs and other organs
- Asbestosis, a lung disease that makes breathing difficult, due to scarred tissues in the lungs. Though non-cancerous, asbestosis remains to be a serious, life-threatening illness.
Besides being a deadly cancer, another very unfavorable characteristic of mesothelioma is its very long delay in manifesting its symptoms, normally more than 30 years after first exposure to asbestos. This makes many mesothelioma victims past the age 60 before the cancer even gets diagnosed; some, however, never get to see personally the result of their claims lawsuit as the deadly cancer takes their lives before the court finally reaches a decision.
Thousands of workers have already died due to asbestosis or mesothelioma; thousands remain confined to their bed, being slowly eaten away by asbestos’ deadly effects. Companies which exposed workers to asbestos definitely knew about the mineral’s deadly effects, yet these chose to compromise workers’ health for profit.
The website of Williams Kherkher explains different types of asbestos-related diseases, how these diseases gradually worsen and affect the worker and his or her family. Those who have been regularly exposed to asbestos due to their work may find it wise to undergo medical checkup to know how the toxic mineral has actually affected their health.Read More
Legally speaking, when cruise ship passengers catch the norovirus while on travel, they are likely not to get any compensation since there are no current laws that mandate cruise ships to compensate norovirus patients. It would simply be like getting sick while on a private holiday vacation, but the cost of medical treatment, which includes doctor’s fee and medication, being shouldered by their insurance provider.
Norovirus, to start with, is the most common cause of gastroenteritis, which is the inflammation of the intestines and the stomach, usually due to viral infection or bacterial toxins. It is a very contagious disease which, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, affects 19 to 21 million individuals in the US every year, causing up to 70,000 hospitalizations and up to 800 deaths.
The virus that causes this illness is found in the stool and vomit of infected people. There is no exact determination how this illness actually starts, though, acquiring the virus that leads to it is obviously very easy, specifically through:
- Touching objects or surfaces that have been contaminated with the norovirus and then having
your fingers or hand touch your mouth
- Direct contact with an infected person, including sharing food with him or her, or using utensil
that he or she used
- Drinking or eating anything that has been contaminated with the virus
There are people who consider the norovirus illness as a minor health issue, despite the many number of people it can immediately affect and the pain and inconvenience felt by those affected. This is obviously due to the fact that those infected recuperate within three days after the symptoms appear – the usual case involving those who are healthy; however, if those infected have a weak immune system, like young children, residents of nursing home facilities and those with health conditions, then the illness may last for months or even years.
News of possible norovirus illness, especially in cruise ships, should not be taken lightly and those affected should be given competent medical care and assistance so as to hasten their recovery as well as stop the virus from spreading further and infect more passengers. Quarantine of those infected and immediate disinfection of the environment or of the cruise ship are called for, otherwise, it could be a case of incorrect medical procedure which, according to website of the Louis A. Vucci, still occur despite the presence of licensed medical professionals and trained personnel. This incorrect procedure, the firm continues, can result to prolonged illness, worsening of original symptoms, and allergic reactions.
There may be no law mandating cruise ships to compensate passengers who contract the norovirus illness, however, if the illness worsens and severely affects the passenger’s life (work, family activities and other concerns), then it would be a different story.
In the event of personal injury, any law firm would advise the victim to pursue legal action for the compensation that he or she may be allowed by the court to receive. The website of the Law Offices of Cazayoux Ewing, further informs the injured the he or she should not be the one paying for the costly medical treatment that his or her prolonged or worsened condition requires.Read More
With seventy-five percent of the American population owning a mobile phone, there is presently no better way to reach, or be reached, by anyone, round-the-clock, with very little or no delay at all, than through this modern gadget. This is true especially if you’re a law enforcer, a doctor, or a lawyer and it’s because there is no telling when an accident or a crime might happen, when people may get sick or need emergency medical attention, or when people may want fast information regarding their rights or need help when caught in legal problems.
Millions of people see and/or hear thousands of advertisements everyday – on billboards, TV, radio, video walls, magazines, newspapers, leaflets and pamphlets. One major concern, however, is that, with the exception of the last four, people cannot take the source of ads with them and, even if they could, like in the case of leaflets, only a handful may probably hold on to these, while all the others, after scanning and finding their content not in their range of interest, would just throw these away or leave these on top of something . . . wherever that something is.
Now, if you are a professional who owns a firm, especially a law firm, would it not be great if your firm’s logo could be seen by your existing clients, as well as prospective clients, anytime and anywhere they are? Better yet, allow these people to log on to your website anytime of the day and wherever they are without the inconvenience of needing to face a computer and log on to the internet first.
Through mobile phones almost anything is possible, including prompt and timely provision of information and online services to clients when they need these most. All it requires is a catchy mobile app and a type of mobile advertising messages tailored to mobile users’ expectations.
According to Big Momma Apps, a mobile app, can allow potential clients to easily access a law firm’s website 24/7. It is non-stop advertising in other words plus being immediately accessible to anyone needing fast legal assistance. Furthermore, compared to the cost of TV, radio or newspaper ads, mobile advertising is far less cheap, yet, allows more people to be reached.Read More