Frozen Links

Types of Substance Abuse

Posted by on Jun 24, 2016 in Drug Laws | 0 comments

People use and abuse substances for a variety of reasons. Unfortunately, there is a huge price to pay and substance abuse often results to criminal acts. According to the website of Nashville criminal attorney, Brent Horst, an estimated 13.5 million people consume alcohol regularly and more than 86 million are abusing alcohol. In addition, the 2014 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse estimated that 16% of the respondents used illict drugs in 2013.

Substance abuse is characterized by a pattern of use that brings about significant impairment or distress. It can affect a person’s performance at work, school, or home. There is a variety of substances in the market that an indiv idual can abuse and here they are:

1. Stimulant Abuse

Examples of stimulants are cocaine and metamphetamine as well as legal substances such as nicotine, caffeine, and over-the-counter stimulants. From the name itself, stimulants cause the release of the neurotranmitters dopamine and norepinephrine causing the stimulation of the brain’s reward and pleasure center. For this reason, it makes the user feel good. However, abuse of stimulants result to the depletion of energy and makes the user crave for the drug.

2. Depressant Abuse

Depressants include various opiates such as heroin, morphine, and opium. It also includes sedatives such as Xanax, Ativan, and Valium. These substances slow down the central nervous system, lessens inhibitions, creates relaxation, and decreases pain. However, they carry a high risk of overdose and addiction and also has related health problems. When abused, it can cause psychological and physical dependence as well.

3. Psychedelic Abuse

Psychedelic drugs are popularly known as hallucinogens in medical parlance. These substances distort perceptions, thoughts, and sensations. Those with underlying mental problems face a very high risk of triggering mental health problems.

4. Marijuana Abuse

Marijuana is the most commonly abused illegal drug and is now being used for recreational purposes. It can trigger short-term euphoria, physical relaxation, distorted perception and thought, increased appetite, and impaired memory and physical coordination. When taking marijuana, driving is not advisable due to the risks associated with it.

5. Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol is the oldest and most widely used psychoactive substance. It can affect every organ of the body. Abuse to the substance can lead to aggression, impaired judgment, diminished inhibitions, and mood problems such as depression and anxiety.

It is worth noting that substance abuse is responsible for a phenomenon known as tolerance, which requires a larger amount of the substance to produce the same level of intoxication.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *